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32nd International Conference on Oncology Nursing and Cancer Care

Singapore City, singapore

Syed Imran

Syed Imran

Yenepoya University, India

Title: Effectiveness of music therapy on biophysiological and psychological outcomes among patients with cancer undergoing Chemotherapy

Biography

Biography: Syed Imran

Abstract

Abstract

The word “cancer” brings up many ideas for the individual. Surprisingly, they are afraid, not so much of death, but for themselves, the fear of pain or the end of life as they know it, and for others, the fear of being a nuisance or even objectionable. The diagnosis of cancer means a change in the lifestyle of the person in whom the cancer is found. The degree and permanency of that change is, of course, dependent on the extent of the disease, the course of treatment undertaken, and the resultant disabilities, all of which place that individual and his family under tremendous stress.

The stress begins before the person even enters hospital and is compounded by the events which follow the individual’s transformation into the hospital patient. A sick person is taken out of his or her natural environment and placed in the strange and often overwhelming atmosphere of a hospital, which, by its very nature, strips the patient of his or her individualism. It is, therefore, very important for the hospital worker, who is so familiar with this environment, not only to be aware of this anxiety-producing process, but to cope with it herself and to alleviate it for the patient as much as possible. The person who is diagnosed as having a cancer is anxious over many things in addition to being hospitalized.

Music is considered to be effective stress burner and also helps in decreasing anxiety in patients undergoing various treatment modalities. There is a growing body of research documenting the effects of many alternative treatment modalities in cancer care, one among which is the music therapy. Research has proved that engaging in the music listening or music composing activities will reduce the overall health ailments which will arise due to the treatment part and increases the quality of life in terms of comfort, relaxation in patients with cancer.

Thus the aim of this study was to examine the effects of relaxing music on the biophysiological (salivary amylase, Pain, blood pressure, heart rate) and psychological (anxiety) parameters of patients undergoing chemotherapy.

Material and methods

This study used quasi experimental time series control group design. A non probability convenience sampling was adopted to select the sample. The study participants (40) were recruited based on the inclusion criteria. The pre-test was done on the 1st day by assessing the bio-physiological parameters such as collection of saliva, assessment of Blood pressure, heart rate, temperature and pain level by using the proper methods and protocols and psychological  outcomes (anxiety) using the standardized tools ( state anxiety inventory). A music preference questionnaire was administered to the experimental group before administration of music therapy. Music was administered to the experimental group by following the protocol for 3 hours of duration. The post tests were done on the day 1 i.e. soon after the intervention for the experimental group and after three hours of chemotherapy for the control group. Post tests were also done on day 2, day 3, day 4 and day 5. The control group had normal routine care during the chemotherapy session.

Results

The study showed the significant changes in the biophysiological and psychological outcomes in experimental group listened to the music during chemotherapy compared the control group who had normal routine care during the chemotherapy. So use of music as therapeutic approach in the oncology setting is helpful for the patients undergoing different treatment modalities.