34th International Conference on Oncology Nursing and Cancer Care
Singapore City, singapore
Ramaiah Institute of Nursing Education and Research, India
Title: Prevalence of pre-cancerous cervical lesions using visual inspection acetic acid (via) method among women
Cervical cancer is the second most common cancer in women worldwide. It accounts for 6% of all cancers in women (WHO).While there are many factors that put women at risk for cervical cancer, which is caused by the human papillomavirus. There is a need for optimal strategies for cervical cancer screening in low-resource settings. VIA can be done in women of all age groups after the onset of sexual activity up to menopause. Higher priority for screening is given to women aged 35 years or more and repeat screening in every 5 years will achieve great impact on incidence and mortality associated with cervical cancer. Objectives of this study were to identify the prevalence of pre-cancerous cervical lesions among women and to find the association between pre-cancerous cervical lesions and selected socio-demographic variables.
A Cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted in outpatient department (OPD) of Sanjay Nagar and Mathikere urban health center, Bangaluru. To screen for the precancerous cervical lesion, 210 Participant were recruited by Random sampling technique. Data were collected by using structured questionnaire and screening was by visual inspection with acetic acid. The descriptive and inferential statistic was used for analyzing the data.
The finding of the study revealed that the mean age of the woman screened was 36.13 years and 98.1% woman were married, the mean age at menarche was 12.77 years and marriage were 20.28 years. The prevalence of pre-cancerous cervical lesions VIA positive was 1.9% (4 cases out of 210 women screened).
Visual Inspection Acetic acid (VIA) screening is simple, safe, feasible, cost-effective, acceptable and affordable screening test in identifying the pre-cancerous cervical cancer lesions. Age at marriage and type of sanitary pads used had a significant association.Further intervention should aim at educating the community on personal hygiene.